Early Childhood Maltreatment and Profiles of Resilience  

Project Summary

This research makes a meaningful contribution to the fields of maltreatment and resilience research through the novel application of a person-centered analytical approach in studying heterogeneity in resilience outcomes among young children. Additionally, the study identifies maltreatment characteristics and family risk and protective factors that shape the development of resilience during early childhood, offering valuable information for intervention development and clinical practice.

 

A secondary analysis is conducted using the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW-II) and The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study– Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K: 2011) to address three specific aims:

  1.  To identify distinct profiles of resilience across multiple domains of functioning (cognitive, emotional, behavioral, social) among children in early childhood

  2. To investigate concurrent and lagged relationships of maltreatment characteristics and family risk and protective factors to resilience profiles

  3. To determine to what extent resilience profiles at baseline remain stable or change over time and examine how various maltreatment characteristics and family risk and protective factors are related to transition patterns of resilience functioning over time. 

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Principal investigator: Susan Yoon, PhD 

Co-investigator: Jessica Logan, PhD (Quantitative Research, Evaluation and Measurement, OSU) 

Consultant: Shery Hamby, PhD (Director of the Life Paths Research Center (LPRC), Department of Psychology at the University of the South) 

Study Advisor: Natasha Slesnick, PhD (College of Education and Human Ecology, OSU) 

 

Funder: The NIH National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) [Grant Number 1R03HD100603] 

Research Products:

Yoon, S., Helsabeck, N., Wang, X., Logan, J., Pei, F., Hamby, S., & Slesnick, N. (2021). Profiles of resilience among children exposed to non-maltreatment adverse childhood experiences. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(20), 10600.

 

Yoon, S., Pei, F., Logan, J., Helsabeck, N., Hamby, S., & Slesnick, N. (2022). Early childhood maltreatment and profiles of resilience among child welfare-involved children. Development & Psychopathology, 1-13.

[Research Brief] Early childhood maltreatment and profiles of resilience